Cystoid Macular Edema

A cystoid macular edema is a disease caused by fluid build-up under the macula generating a decreased vision. It may develop as a result of various other diseases which will have to be treated in order to cure the edema.

What is a Cystoid Macular Edema?
It is a retinal disease leading to a decline in visual acuity .

What are the causes of a cystoid macular edema?
Cystoid macular edema is caused by fluid build-up under the macula along with the secondary formation of small cavities called cones.
It may develop as a result of various diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa or retinal peripheral vascular diseases.

What are the symptoms of a cystoid macular edema?
The main symptom is a decline in vision and sometimes image distortion.

How to diagnose it?
The ophtalmologist will examine the retina using a lamp allowing him to see the cones.

What are the treatments against and the evolution of such a disease?
When possible, one must treat the cause; diabetes for instance.
In general, recovery takes place after a period of several months, with or without a decline in visual acuity.
Sometimes, one may observe the development of a deep central scotoma.

Date: 06/04/2013
Author: Institut montéclair
Organization: centich
Reference: http://www.metrovision.fr/pdf/2003_becquet.pdf, http://www.kellogg.umich.edu/patientcare/conditions/cystoid.macular.edema.html, www.ophthalmologia.be/download.php?dof_id=438
Only for Members: No
Content type: Good practises
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Categories: Medical & Functions, Eye - Vision impairment

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