Gives information on various difficulties specific to this group and a guidance on how to assist. It debates ideas on how to classify the group, what to expect, risk factors in daily life, and the importance of rehabilitation. Families and care-takers benefit from the information.
Edberg, Kunskapscenter för Dövblindfrågor
Svingen Skådalen Kompetansesenter
Mortensen, Vedenscenter for Dövblindblevne
Öhman, Dövblindteamet Vestra Götalandsregionen
An overview of ways to communicate effectively with people with joint loss of hearing and sight.
Suggestions and advice on good communication. This is intended to ease communication in daily life, especially aimed at assisting caretakers working in homes for ageing people but will also be helpful for families and friends of those suffering from loss of sight and/or hearing. The advice is adapted to everyday situations and environment.
A cystoid macular edema is a disease caused by fluid build-up under the macula generating a decreased vision. It may develop as a result of various other diseases which will have to be treated in order to cure the edema.
Prevention of the auditory effects of noise. The hearing pain threshold (120 decibels) is higher than the danger limit (85 decibels); consequently, it is of vital importance that a preventive behavior be put in place as soon as one finds oneself exposed to a level of more than 85 decibels. For information, as long as the noise level allows for a normal conversation, this level is below 85 decibels. When one has to yell to communicate, the existing noise exposure may pose a risk to hearing.
The eyes are the organs of vision. Eyes and vision can be altered by disorders, diseases and other factors.
In order to measure vision, diopter, or one-tenth, is used.
Several individuals play their part in taking care of your eyes and vision health: ophthalmologists, opticians and orthoptists.
Various examinations may be used in order to detect eyes disorders and diseases.
Finally, different types of solutions may be used, depending on the disorders or the diseases.
Date: 04 Jun 2013 Author: Holzschuch C, Allaire C., bertholet L., Agius C., Méheust C. (Dir)
This book, "When comes the time of visual impairment", should be considered as an instrument for an exchange between the people who become blind and their relatives. It touches a number of practical issues and aims at informing and supporting. It has been jointly elaborated by Inpes and la Fondation de France and is the first practical guide to type 1 acquired visual impairmen and was awarded the Prescrire price in 2009
Date: 04 Jun 2013 Author: Mutualité Française Anjou Mayenne - Agirc et Arrco
This guide is specifically aimed at managers of housing projects for elderly dependents (French acronym EHPAD),medico-social and health care institutions. It gives numerous examples, thus providing advice and recommendations on the accessibility of those institutions for sensory impaired individuals.
The sun provides light. Light permits vision. However, too much sun entails health hazards for the eyelids, the cornea, the crystalline and the retina which we shall describe here in order to understand how to protect oneself – and more specifically the retina with protective lenses – against these hazards.
The ophthalmologist is the health professional concerned with the eyes and their associated parts.
He may diagnose visual problems and diseases. He works alongside other professionals such as a general practitioner or an optician.
There are several inconveniences that can affect vision : metamorphopsia, photophobia, scotomas, night blindness, visual hallucinations, occasional loss of vision, mirages, altered perception of colours, visual fatigue or “dryness” syndromes.
Eyes traumas do affect the eyes, but they can also involve eyelids and eye socket lesions. Eye traumas can be simple bruises such as blood effusions but also piercing wounds due to foreign bodies within the eyes. Finally, they can be burns, for instance caused by chemical products.
Some pieces of information should be registered when faced with the traumas in order to cope with possible complications.
Myopia is the result of errors of refraction causing a poor distant vision without affecting near vision. It is measured in negative diopters.
Symptoms vary according to myopia's severity and its onset age; and whether it affects one eye or both eyes.
Myopia is detected at an ophthalmological check-up carried out by the ophthalmologist
Treating myopia consists in correcting it through 3 main approaches: spectacles, lens and surgery.
Myopia complications may occur; they will remain whatever the means used to correct it.
Orthoptists are qualified health practitioners responsible for measuring eye-vision distortions and for assuming binocular vision rehabilitation.
In order to do so, they carry out an orthoptic check-up highlighting oculomotor muscles and nerves weaknesses.
They are consulted after a visit to an ophthalmologist, a GP or a pediatrician.
The author starts by setting the scene and the historical background of his work. Jean-Serge MICHEL unveils the origin and evolution of his deafblindness, the main difficulties and specificities which he experienced as a child and as an adult, in his professionnal and social environment.
Our information on individual eye conditions is medically checked and is designed to be as useful as possible. We have grouped them, in alphabetical order, into three groups: names beginning with A to C, D to N and O to Z to make them easier to find quickly. Click (link is external)here (link is external)
If you wish to use this information for patients and clients, you will find that each page has a link to a printable version. Please feel free to print and photocopy as many copies of the information as you may need
Coming to terms with having a sight problem can be tough. Dealing with the emotional and practical impact of changes to your sight can be overwhelming. Our guide to coping with sight loss contains information and links to sources of help.
As well as selling a wide variety of products through our Online Shop, RNIB produces a number of magazines for blind and partially sighted people, including Vision magazine, our award-winning membership magazine for people with sight problems.
Click here (link is external) for more information
VisionAware helps adults who are losing their sight continue to live full and independent lives by providing timely information, step-by-step daily living techniques, a directory of national and local services, and a supportive online community
Date: 04 Jan 2009 Author: Waninge, A.; W. van der Weide; I.J. Evenhuis [et al.]
Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.
Date: 08 Jan 2007 Author: Langelaan, M; Nispen, Ruth van [et al.]
The Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ-25) is one of the most widely used measures of vision-related quality of life. However, the questionnaire does not meet some psychometric quality criteria. The objectives of this study were first to obtain the factor structure of the VFQ-25, and second, to obtain interval scales by Rasch analysis.