Visual Health Screening schedule
"The development of eyesight starts at birth and evolves throughout a person's life.
Each stage in life has visual problems that require regular examinations."
Type of publication:Good practises
Date of publication:12/24/2012
Publishing organization:Centich, France
"What are the key dates for each different stage of life?
How do the visual functions evolve?
What are the key dates for each different stage of life?
The main stages of eyesight development are:
the first months, which correspond to the “learning of the eyesight”,
the first year at school,
the age of presbyopia (approximately 45 years old),
over the age of 65 eyesight doesn't evolve any further except if forcibly altered by phenomena linked to old age or various diseases.
The schedule from ages 20 to 65
Between 25 and 45 years the eyesight remains stable. People without any visual deficiencies should undertake an eyesight examination every five years, as opposed to every 2 to 3 years for people that wear glasses or contact lenses.
Towards the age of 45, attention should be paid to glaucoma, as this is the age at which it usually appears.
In cases of presbyopia – which is specific to age – that require the wearing of glasses:
It can appear from around the age of 45 and evolve until approximately the age of 60 to 65. It is therefore necessary to update the correction every 2 to 3 years until the age of 65.
Schedule for people over the age of 65
After 65 years, the eyesight has stabilised.
A systematic check-up is recommended every three or five years, and every visual anomaly must be declared to the GP who then will decide if an ophthalmologic consultation is required.
Particular attention must be paid to the cataract and to age-related macular degeneration (AMD)."