A number of studies have shown the effectiveness of group approaches for older persons with a visual impairment (VI). In the studies surveyed, the programs aim at improving functional and/or psychosocial self-management. Contents and forms of these group approaches are briefly addressed, as well as their impact and the main barriers to participation of VI elderlies to group interventions.
Date: 06 Jun 2014 Author: Rondeau Pierre ; Lachance Danielle ; Gresset Jacques
Cette recherche réalisée grâce à une subvention du Réseau de recherche en réadaptation de Montréal et de l'Ouest du Québec consiste en une revue de la littérature en regard de l'adaptation des personnes âgées à la déficience visuelle, spécifiquement en ce qui a trait aux variables psychosociales reliées, d'une part, au phénomène de vieillissement, et d'autre part, à celui de la déficience visuelle proprement dite.
Date: 29 Jan 2014 Author: Deepthi Ramamurthy, Arvind Kasthuri, and Rekha Sonavane
There is an increase in dual sensory impairment (DSI) (hearing and visual) with increase in elderly population. Most causes of DSI among elderly are treatable. This study determines the prevalence and characteristics of dual sensory impairment among elderly of a rural community.
The qualitative research described in this paper was focused on deafblind women, in order to reveal their own perspective on the status of deafblind women in Croatia. Without understanding of their real needs, interests and rights, the development of aproppriate support services is impossible, which was another motive to start this research.
Demographic aging will lead to an increased demand for medical care, including low vision
rehabilitation. Therefore, in the near future, low vision rehabilitation centers need to make efficient
decisions and choose the rehabilitation program that has the greatest likelihood of benefiting each
Various forms and degrees of visual impairment and functional deficits may occur in patients with age related macular degeneration (ARMD). [etc.]
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Date: 18 Apr 2013 Author: Manna A. Alma, Sijrike F. Van der Mei [et al.]
This cross-sectional study included visually impaired persons who were referred to a low-vision rehabilitation center. Determinants were identified in different domains of participation. In: Quality of Life Research (2012) 21(1): 87-97.
Antiangiogenic treatments have led to spectacular improvements in a significant percentage of patients with neovascular (or “wet”) age-related macular degeneration. How can these results be interpreted in terms of vision rehabilitation? Which proportion of patients improve their vision following these treatments? Do they actually regain normal vision? What is the impact of these treatments when the vision impairment is already severe?
The prevalence of falls among seniors is high and represents a public health problem. Falls result from an interaction of multiple intrinsic (individual condition and behaviour) and extrinsic (environment) risk factors, among which are vision disorders. This brought us to ascertain the extent of knowledge and current evidence on the effectiveness of prevention measures from a visual point of view, and on the impact of rehabilitation on reducing falls among older adults with visual impairments.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of depression in a sample of older adults with impaired vision and investigate associations between physical and visual disability and depression
Date: 07 Aug 2012 Author: Christiane Hervault, Marie-France Clenet
Ce Guide de l'orthoptie présente l'ensemble des éléments qui caractérisent le champ d'action de l'orthoptiste et ouvre des voies d'éducation pour la santé visuelle. Exploration, rééducation, dépistage et prévention sont traités dans une perspective polysensorielle, invitant à la pluridisciplinarité, grâce aux contributions d'auteurs de multiples spécialités. Conçu à la fois comme un manuel d'apprentissage et un guide de formation.
Deafblindness is a condition comprising the dual impairments of vision and hearing to a more or less severe degree. It hampers communication and access to information. Consequently, communication between two deafblind persons is often very difficult. How could it be facilitated? The scientific literature on this subject, although very limited, offers some area for consideration as well as the more general one, for example on training in communication.
Une équipe pluridisciplinaire du centre gériatrique de Champmaillot du CHRU de Dijon fait le point dans le domaine de la basse-vision en gériatrie. Ce livre est destiné à aider aussi bien les professionnels de santé que les directeurs et les familles.
Date: 01 Jan 2012 Author: J. Pijnacker, P. Verstraten, W. van Damme, J. Vandermeulen, B. Steenbergen
Macular degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of visual impairment among older adults in Western Europe. It severely affects reading performance. We considered several training programs that aim to improve peripheral reading. There was no strong support in favor of one particular training method for rehabilitation of reading in macular degeneration, but there is evidence that older individuals with macular degeneration can be trained to improve reading performance.
Date: 01 Jan 2011 Author: J. Pijnacker, P. Verstraten [et al.]
Macular degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of visual impairment amongolder adults. It severely affects reading performance. People with MD have to rely onperipheral vision for reading. In this review, we considered several training programs that aim to improve peripheral reading, with a focus on eccentric viewing, oculomotorcontrol, or perceptual learning.
This publication on hearing impairment describes the types (conductive, sensorineural and mixed hearing loss and auditory processing disorder), the degree and the configuration of hearing loss as well as the types of assessment and the ways to manage such an impairment.
Usher syndrome type II is characterized by moderate to severe congenital deafness, normal vestibular function, and retinitis pigmentosa usually appearing in the patient’s late twenties or early thirties. Clinicians in the deaf-blindness program run jointly by the INLB and the IRD have noticed that certain individuals with this form of the syndrome complain of vertigo, dizziness and loss of balance.
Date: 10 Sep 2009 Author: Alexandra Jesse, Esther Janse
Listening to a speaker while hearing another speaker talks is a challenging task for elderly listeners. We show that elderly listeners over the age of 65 with various degrees of age-related hearing loss benefit in this situation from also seeing the speaker they intend to listen to.
Date: 27 Aug 2009 Author: Zijlstra, G.A.R., van Rens, G.H.M.B., Scherder, E.J.A., Brouwer, D.M., van der Velde, J., Verstraten, P.F.J. & Kempen, G.I.J.M.
Orientation and mobility training in using an identification cane is provided to people with low vision to facilitate independent participation in the community. This paper presents the design of a randomised controlled trial aimed to evaluate this standardised training in using the identification cane in older adults with low vision.
Date: 04 Jan 2009 Author: Waninge, A.; W. van der Weide; I.J. Evenhuis [et al.]
Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.
Quoiqu'aucun outil spécifique de dépistage de l’épuisement des aidants naturels des personnes ayant une déficience visuelle n’ait été répertorié, nous en avons identifié deux, qui ont été utilisés dans des recherches scientifiques en déficience visuelle, ainsi que deux autres qui ont été développés ou traduits par des chercheurs québécois. Ils sont brièvement présentés dans ce document-synthèse de veille informationnelle.
Les personnes ayant un syndrome d’Usher ou une rétinite pigmentaire ont souvent de la difficulté à accepter d’utiliser une canne blanche dans leurs déplacements, principalement en raison de son caractère symbolique. De ce fait, ils ne recourent que tardivement aux services en orientation et mobilité pour apprendre les techniques d’utilisation de la canne, alors que des interventions plus précoces leur seraient davantage bénéfique.
This report highlights the main policies related to active ageing and the policy fields, health, work and retirement, where ICT-based services will be determinant. It is published by the European Commission-Joint Research Centre-Institute for Prospective Technological Studies
Date: 01 Aug 2007 Author: Nispen, R. van; Knol, D. [et al.]
Instead of applying the usual longitudinal methods to assess the outcome of low-vision rehabilitation services in terms of vision-related quality of life, a three-level Item Response Theory (IRT) method was proposed.
Date: 08 Jan 2007 Author: Langelaan, M; Nispen, Ruth van [et al.]
The Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ-25) is one of the most widely used measures of vision-related quality of life. However, the questionnaire does not meet some psychometric quality criteria. The objectives of this study were first to obtain the factor structure of the VFQ-25, and second, to obtain interval scales by Rasch analysis.
The studies presented in this thesis were performed at the Department of Ophthalmology
and the Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine (EMGO Institute) of the VU
University Medical Centre, the Netherlands. The EMGO Institute participates in the
Netherlands School of Primary Care Research (CaRe) which was re-acknowledged in 2000
by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)
Date: 01 Jan 2007 Author: National Eye Health Education Program
The purpose of this literature review is to provide information about the eye health care needs of older adults. Age-related eye diseases and conditions are the most important drivers for the various types of eye health care required by older adults.
Date: 01 May 2006 Author: M M Wickremaratchi and J G Llewelyn
A decline in the main sensory modalities is well reported to occur with ageing. This article outlines the normal pathways involved in touch sensation and includes a review of available evidence relating to the study of ageing and touch.
Date: 03 Jan 2005 Author: Mark Brennan, Amy Horowitz, and Ya-ping Su
Purpose: This study examined the relation of dual and single sensory impairments, within the context of cognitive function, by using the framework of everyday competence in terms of the probability of difficulty
with specific personal and instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs and IADLs, respectively).
Date: 02 Jan 2005 Author: Mark Brennan, Amy Horowitz and Ya-ping Su
Purpose: this study examined the relation of dual and single sensory impairments, within the context of cognitive function, by using the framework of everyday competence in terms of the probability of difficulty with specific personal and instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs and IADLs, respectively)
Date: 01 Nov 2004 Author: Serge Resnikoff, Donatella Pascolini, Daniel Etya’ale, Ivo Kocur, Ramachandra Pararajasegaram, Gopal P. Pokharel, and Silvio P. Mariotti
This paper presents estimates of the prevalence of visual impairment and its causes in 2002, based on the best available evidence derived from recent studies. Estimates were determined from data on low vision and blindness as defined in the International statistical classification of diseases, injuries and causes of death.
Date: 07 May 2004 Author: Parminder Raina, Micheline Wong and Helen Massfeller
It has been well established that increasing age is associated with decreasing functional ability in older adults. It is important to understand the specific factors that affect instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and functional independence among older adults with sensory disabilities.
Date: 01 Jan 2004 Author: H Y Wu, J J Chin, H M H Tong
Introduction: This study sets out to determine the usefulness of a questionnaire to screen for hearing impairment, assess the psychosocial impact of hearing handicap and survey older persons’ attitudes towards hearing aid usage.
Date: 06 Feb 2003 Author: HARRY K. M. LEE, RHONDA J. SCUDDS
This journal article from Age and Ageing is a scientific study that compared the balance activity of elderly people with and without visual impairment. The authors found that people with visual disability had an impaired balance ability. This imply that people with visual impairment might be more prone to falls.
Date: 01 Aug 2001 Author: Amy Horowitz, Mark Brennan, and Ya-Ping Su
Vision and hearing impairments are among the most common age-related conditions affecting the elderly. There is an emerging literature regarding the profound functional, social, and physical and mental health consequences of either a vision or hearing impairment in later life.
Hearing loss is more common in the ageing population as compared to young adults. Individuals are not protected from other causes of hearing loss just because they are in work. Their hearing may therefore be at risk from causes not related to their occupation.
Date: 01 Mar 1999 Author: Denise K Houston, Mary Ann Johnson, Robert J Nozza, Elaine W Gunter, Kelly J Shea, G Michelle Cutler, and Jean T Edmonds
Background: Hearing impairment is 1 of the 4 most prevalent chronic conditions in the elderly. However, the biological basis of age-related hearing loss is unknown.
Objective: The objective was to test the hypothesis that age-related hearing loss may be associated with poor vitamin B-12 and folate status.
The Epidemiology of Hearing Impairment in Elderly People describes the types and causes of hearing impairment among elderly individuals; the prevalence by age, gender, race, income and institutionalization; the impact of having hearing problems; deafnes.